What is Prescription Drug Abuse?
While prescription antibiotic drugs such as Keflex or cephalexin are not addictive, some other prescription drugs and vital medicines such as pain killers, muscle relaxants, CNS depressants, or stimulants prescribed for relieving pain, anxiety, depression, and other disorders.
Prescription drug abuse or addiction affects the human body’s physical and psychological conditions, leading to severe consequences.
Let’s have a look at the types of commonly abused prescription drugs:
Prescription Opioids or painkillers are used to treat pains and sometimes even to treate diarrhea and cough. They provide relief from moderate to severe pain.
Some common prescription opioids are hydrocodone (Vicodin / Lortab / m365 pills), Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, and Oxycodone (Percocet or Perc 30 or Oxycontin).
Prescription Opioid misuse and drug overdose deaths with prescription opioids have increased significantly since 1999. Approximately 2 million people aged 12 or older had an opioid use disorder in 2018.
Oxycodone side effects include vomiting, stomach pain, nausea, constipation, tiredness, and more.
Prescription opioids are also called Oxy, Percs, and Vikes in slang.
Avatar, an inpatient treatment center, offers the best opioid addiction recovery services with an individualized opioid addiction program.
Prescription CNS Depressants:
Prescription CNS depressants or Central Nervous System depressants are often prescribed to slow brain activity and increase GABA activity in the patient’s brain to help with anxiety, sleep disorders, and stress. They are also called sedatives in simple terms.
Prescription CNS Depressants fall into three main drug classes:
Benzodiazepines used as prescription drugs increase sleep time and sleep quality, and include Diazepam or Valium, Clonazepam or Klonopin, alprazolam or Xanax, triazolam or Halcion and estazolam or Prosom.
Our drug detox treatments in NJ offer the best Benzodiazepine detox services to help our clients lead healthy lives.
Non-Benzodiazepine prescription drugs perform a similar function to benzodiazepine by binding to GABA receptors but cause less disruption to standard sleep architecture and hypnotic efficacy.
Some common non-benzodiazepine prescription CNS depressants are zolpidem or Ambien, eszopiclone or Lunesta, and zaleplon or Sonata.
They are often used to treat insomnia. Non-benzodiazepines are better for use in patients with respiratory disorders as they cause minimal respiratory depression.
Drug abuse treatment services at Avatar help clients overcome non-benzodiazepine prescription drug addiction, such as Ambien addiction, easily.
Barbiturates are effective sedative-hypnotic drugs that have calming effects. They are useful as anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, and hypnotics. Barbiturates are prescription CNS depressants with origins in the 19th century. Abuse of barbiturates began in the 1960s and 70s when they came to be recreational drugs.
Abuse of barbiturates such as butabarbital, Butalbital (Fioricet), mephobarbital or Mebaral, phenobarbital or Luminal, and pentobarbital sodiums or Nembutal has psychological as well as physical risks. The chances of fatal barbiturates’ overdose are significantly higher than on other drugs.
Some street names for barbiturates are barbs, blue heavens, blues, Christmas trees, rainbows, sleepers, reds, red devils, goofballs, double trouble, and more.
Benzodiazepines have majorly replaced barbiturates as prescription drugs to relieve anxiety, induce sleep and prevent seizures.
Prescription Stimulants or Antidepressants:
Medicines typically used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy are known as prescription stimulants.
Some common prescription stimulants are Adderall or dextroamphetamine, such as Dexedrine, and Ritalin or Concerta, containing methylphenidate, or Cymbalta Duloxetine, or Bupropion, which are antidepressants.
Slang for prescription stimulants includes Speed, Vitamin R, and Uppers.
Prescription stimulants work by increasing alertness, energy, and attention in patients by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels. Dopamine is responsible for positive reinforcement, and norepinephrine works on the physiological level by affecting blood pressure, blood vessels, blood sugar levels, heart rate, and breathing.
Some Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as Lexapro and Cipralex contain escitalopram, which helps improve the balance of serotonin in the brain and act as antidepressants.
Antidepressant SSRI drugs like Lexapro or escitalopram’s side effects include changes in weight, drowsiness, low libido, nausea, restlessness, and more.
Prescription stimulant detox treatment programs such as the Adderall detox program at inpatient rehab centers in NJ focus on helping patients detox safely, manage withdrawal symptoms and avoid relapses.
Over the years, Avatar Alcohol and Drugs Recovery Center have established its position as one of the well-known prescription drug detox centers committed to helping clients with their prescription drug addiction treatments in NJ.